Symptoms of cluttering

The symptoms related to cluttering are very diverse, and include:

What goes wrong in cluttered speech?

Cluttering symptoms are also called “nonstuttering-like (typical) disfluencies”: they’re glitches that everyone shows from time to time, except cluttering speakers produce them a lot more frequently than typical speakers or people who stutter.

Differences with stuttering

Stuttering and cluttering differ (greatly) from each other on the following aspects:

Stuttering speakers struggle to say what’s already planned. In cluttering speakers this language planning is often not yet complete. Cluttering is a defect in the planning of language, where stuttering is seen as a speech motor defect. Both conditions have their own specific symptoms and require different treatment.

People who stutter experience tense blocks and/or prolongations in their speech. They exhibit “fighting behavior”. The flaws in the speech of people who clutter, on the other hand, come out in a relaxed way. These are also called typical or non-stuttering-like disfluencies. Cluttering speakers tend to produce these a lot, while stutterers don’t.

Cluttering speakers have trouble controlling their speech rate. The pace of speech of stutterers is more constant. Stutterers (like regular speakers) are more easily able to adjust their speech rate when the situation demands it.

People who stutter are perfectly aware of the imperfections in their speech. This is why they often have a fear of speaking or a fear of certain sounds/letters. In cluttering speakers this is not the case. They can however develop fear of communication, the fear of not being understood by others.

When people who clutter concentrate on their speech, their speech improves immediately; for stutterers it works the other way around.

When it comes to a difficult topic of conversation, people who clutter often have more difficulty getting their words out; for stutterers, the complexity of the subject does not influence their speech.

Speaking in a foreign language often results in more fluent speech in people who clutter. The opposite is true for people who stutter.

When reading aloud an unfamiliar text, the speech of people who clutter becomes more fluent. This is the other way around for stuttering speakers.

People who clutter often are (a lot) busier in their physical appearance (body language) than people who stutter.

The basic difference with stuttering

People who stutter know what they want to say, but struggle to get out the words they have planned. People who clutter are mostly still occupied with formulating what, exactly, they want to express. Stuttering is seen as a speech motor problem. The problem with cluttering is in the planning of language; but how does that show?